Welcome to Resilience 2:1

We are a volunteer
multi-disciplinary group
of educators, researchers
and professionals focused
on the issue of resilience
for Canada during
a changing climate.


01. C. Bradbee
Humanity is finished if it fails to adapt after Covid-19
o2. C. Bradbee
Cities call for action on #BiodiversityDay
03. A. Janicijevic
European Urban Resilience Forum
04. C. Bradbee
Green Infrastructure Ontario

Resilience is the ability to withstand shocks and move on to live well. With climate change, many now approach diverse sectors of the economy and especially urban and community planning through the lens of resilience. Resilience 2:1 is based on a measure of biocapacity to ecofootprint as tracked for the past 30 years by the Global Footprint Network. There they have data that includes national ecofootprints and resource availability. Canada, has a biocapacity to ecofootprint ratio of roughly 2:1. This is both good news and bad news. The good news is that Canada, due to a low population and large landmass has not overshot its resource base. The bad news is that we used to be much better. The ratio has been declining, especially in the last 30 years.

Resilience demands both mitigation and adaptation to the changes caused by climate disruption. Biocapacity is an essential tool to both mitigate climate change through carbon storage and to enable adaptation through healthier ecosystems.


Trees and soil absorb carbon dioxide. Reforestation and the addition of new trees, also enables habitat that promotes biodiversity and healthier ecosystems. A diverse ecosystem has a better chance of surviving climate change and continuing on in a healthy way.

Resilience 2:1 was formed by a group of concerned educators and professionals. We recognize that while many people still talk and teach about sustainability the real issue is resilience. We have gone far enough into climate change that cities, regions, nations and the world must adapt to changing ecosystems.

About Us